Lesiones del ángulo posterolateral de la rodilla

Palabras clave: Palabras Claves: Ángulo posterolateral de la rodilla, ligamento colateral externo, tendón poplíteo, reconstrucción.


Resumen El ángulo posterolateral (APL) de la rodilla presenta una anatomía compleja que permite mantener la estabilidad frente al varo, la rotación externa y la traslación posterior. Las lesiones del APL suelen pasar desapercibidas. Se relacionan con accidentes de tráfico y deportivos. La exploración física resulta fundamental en el diagnóstico. La gravedad de la lesión determina el tipo de tratamiento, conservador o quirúrgico. El tratamiento quirúrgico se asocia a una alta incidencia de complicaciones, como la artrofibrosis y la pérdida de movilidad. Abstract The posterolateral corner of the knee has a complex anatomy that allows maintaining stability against varus, external rotation and posterior translation. These injuries usually go unnoticed. They are related to traffic accidents and sports. The physical examination is fundamental in the diagnosis. The severity of the injury determines the type of treatment, conservative or surgical. Operative treatment is associated with a high incidence of complications, such as arthrofibrosis and loss of mobility.


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